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Stroke Identification and Management

Stroke is a medical emergency that occurs due to deficient or disturbed blood supply to the brain. This condition prevents the blood from reaching the brain tissues that ultimately leads to brain damage along with certain other complications. During this condition each second becomes very crucial hence it becomes highly important to act wisely with a clear understanding on how to handle the situation.

How to identify the stroke

Identification of stroke starts with an identification of symptoms at earliest. Stroke might affect certain parts of the body causing a hindrance in regular functioning of our system. Here are the symptoms that one must not ignore as they can be a knock of Stroke.

Sudden numbness in one side of the body- Either one eye, one arm or one leg can stop functioning properly and a numbness can be felt over the one side.

Confused state of mind-There can be a sudden confusion or difficulty in understanding speech. Additionally a fumble can be noticed while speaking as brain and organ coordination does not happen properly.

Unclear or difficult vision- One of the eyes might suddenly come down at its functional level wherein vision is affected.

Sudden loss of balance - A body may feel dizzy or unbalanced all of sudden where loss of coordination.

A severe headache- A severe headache may arise with an unknown reason, this might also be a sign of a stroke.

Other than all above mentioned, one must make a note of the duration or time since it gets started and being noticed.

The strokes can be of different types-

  1. Ischemic Stroke- When a blood vessel supplying blood to the brain gets blocked, it forms clots.

  2. Hemorrhagic Stroke- When weakened blood vessels rupture, it causes bleeding inside the brain. High Blood pressure is the main cause of this type of stroke.

  3. Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)- It is a mini stroke where temporary yet serious clotting occurs.

  4. Cryptogenic Stroke- It is caused by blockage due to clot in a blood vessel, this type is little difficult to be diagnosed even through tests.

  5. Brain Stem Stroke- This type affects the brain stem which is medulla .It hinders both sides of the brain functioning which causes loss of speech or may stop neck movements.

Management Of Stroke

Any kind of stroke calls for the treatment, however the change in lifestyle and few other conscious actions to prevent or manage can be followed at home.

  1. Physical Exercise-It keeps the blood circulation in place which may help in preventing any stroke situation.

  2. Refraining from drugs

  3. Having good sleep

  4. Choosing a good positive airway pressure mask

  5. Taking medicines as prescribed

  6. Setting a recovery goal for oneself and putting it onto work.

  7. Encouraging rehabilitation activities

During the stroke situation following must be done-

  1. Call an emergency

  2. Keep a note of the time of symptoms being noticed.

  3. Give CPR if necessary

  4. Watch your space with physical and emotional surroundings.

  5. Give anti clot medicine or a drug that reduces blood pressure (IF PRESCRIBED BY A DOCTOR DURING EARLIER STROKE SITUATION)

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