Pulmonology is the field of medicine that focuses specifically on the respiratory system. The respiratory system includes the organs that help you breathe.
A pulmonologist is a doctor who diagnoses and treats all diseases related to the respiratory system. Respiratory system includes lungs and other organs that help humans to breathe.
When do you need a Pulmonologist:
There are some very short lasting illnesses and they don't usually don't affect your lungs. Flu or general pneumonia don't usually last that long and can be treated by a regular doctor and there is no need for a pulmonologist.
But if your cough and shortness of breath are increasing with every passing day and there are other symptoms , it is highly recommended to see a doctor.
Parts of the respiratory System :
Nose and Sinuses
A pulmonologist usually treats all the parts related to the respiratory system.
Common diseases treated by Pulmonoligst:
There are very common diseases that are treated by Pulmonoligst on an almost regular basis , Here are some of them :
Pneumonia - an infection that makes the air sacs (alveoli) in your lungs inflamed and filled with pus.
COVID-19 pneumonia - which can cause severe breathing problems and respiratory failure.
Asthma - a disease that inflames and narrows your airways and makes it hard to breathe
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases (COPD) - a group of lung diseases that includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis
Tuberculosis - a bacterial infection of the lungs
Bronchitis - when the airways are inflamed, with a cough and extra mucus. It can lead to an infection.
Lung Cancer - a type of cancer that starts in the lungs.
Pulmonary Hypertension (High BP) is in the arteries of your lungs.